Wood moulding, also referred to as wood molding or trim, has a number of applications but is mainly used as an enhancing accentuation in a home. Before the 19th century, the existence of wood moulding in ones home was a representation of wealth and taste. These days, wood moulding is commonly used to cover up the seams where a window or door unites with the wall or to make the transition from the flooring or the ceiling to the wall more noticeable. Wood moulding also serves the purpose of covering up the seams where two pieces of panelling congregate. Wood moulding can also be used as a chair rail to provide protection for the walls of your dining area. The following are the various types of wood moulding:
Initially, crown moulding was used to hide the unsightly seam between plaster walls and the ceiling. These days, most people make use of drywall and crown moulding as adornments. Crown moulding is a type of wood moulding that protrudes from the wall diagonally to come together with the ceiling. It is typically set to a 38 or 45 degree angle, which is also known as the spring angle.
Wood moulding that is used in the form of a chair rail usually includes a large round top. The round top projects from the moulding and in this manner, it shields the wall from damage which is brought about by the backs of dining room chairs. Normally, a chair rail is applied 36 inches from the floor and hides the seam between wainscoting and the regular wall. Then again, in recent times, chair rails have been installed to dining rooms without wainscoting as a divider between different paint colours or to cover a wallpaper seam.
Baseboard moulding is a type of wood moulding that is intended to hide from view the seam between the wall and the floor. This wood moulding is essentially flat and less intricate as compared to other types of wood moulding. Base wood moulding can vary in height from only a couple of inches to 1 foot. Baseboard mouldings are typically thin, but additional trim can be added on top of this wood moulding with the aim to create a more conspicuous impact.
Window and Door Casing:
Window and door casings are wood mouldings that frame the outside edges of windows and doors. In many situations, the wood moulding around windows is used as decoration, but the casing used around doors is used to hide the door framing and locking mechanism. This wood moulding is available in varied widths and profiles.
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